Resources & References

In the 2014 Budget the Australian Government announced the closure of Health Workforce Australia (HWA) and the essential functions were transferred to the Department of Health (DoH). The learning package National Clinical Supervision Support Framework (HealthWorkforce, 2011)is now located on the DoH website:

Additionally, the National Clinical Supervision Competency Resource (Australia, 2014)outlines the roles and responsibilities at a foundational, intermediate and advanced level supervisor. This learning package provides foundational level knowledge required of a clinical supervisor / preceptor in the healthcare environment. Whereby it is accepted that every competent health practitioner has a professional responsibility to undertake supervision activities, this package aims to further expand your capability to supervise and engage with learners. All health professionals responsible for the supervision of learners should become familiar with this document.

The content of this package is intentionally generic and is appropriately positioned to inform all health disciplines. It is however the responsibility of each practitioner to have an awareness of their discipline specific competency standards and understand how these standards may be applied to undergraduate student activity in their workplace.  Each individual professional body has the code and guidelines available at or contact the professional body directly for their professional codes and guidelines of practice.

The University of Tasmania College of Health and Medicine has some very useful tools on their website that guide supervisors / preceptors when performing their role:


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Blatchley, A. (2017). A Nurse Manager's Guide to Giving Effective Feedback. Nurse Leader, 15(5), 331-334. doi:10.1016/j.mnl.2017.06.005

Carnegie Mellon University, E. C. (2016). Design and Teach a Course, Articulate your learning objectives.   Retrieved from

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Croskerry, P. (2003). The importance of cognitive errors in diagnosis and strategies to minimize them. Academic Medicine, 78(8), 775-780. doi:10.1097/00001888-200308000-00003

Goleman, D., & Cherniss, C. (2001). The emotionally intelligent workplace : how to select for, measure, and improve emotional intelligence in individuals, groups, and organizations: San Francisco : Jossey-Bass, 2001.

Graduate Students, F. o. E., University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada. (2018). Assessment in the Inquiry Classroom.  Retrieved from

Grubbs, A. B. (2017). Boot Camp: Enhancing Clinical Reasoning Skills in MedVet to BSN Students. Kentucky Nurse, 65(2), 18-18.

Health Workforce. (2011). National Clinical Supervision Support Framework. Retrieved from

(HETI) (April 2012). The superguide: a handbook for supervising allied health professionals/Health Education and Training Institute. 88 pages.

Australia, H. W. (2014). National Clincial Supervision Competency Resource. Retrieved from March:

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Levett-Jones, T., Hoffman, K., Dempsey, J., Jeong, S. Y.-S., Noble, D., Norton, C. A., . . . Hickey, N. (2010). The ‘five rights’ of clinical reasoning: An educational model to enhance nursing students’ ability to identify and manage clinically ‘at risk’ patients. Nurse Education Today, 30(6), 515-520. doi: (2013). Non-Verbal Communication.  Retrieved from

Roberts, B. (October 17, 2008). Non Verbal Communication.

Salovey, P., & Mayer, J.D. (2009) Emotional Intelligence, magination, Cognition and Personality, 9(3), 185-211. doi:10.2190/DUGG-P24E-52WK-6CDG

Scheffer, B. K., & Rubenfeld, M. G. (2006). Critical thinking: a tool in search of a job. J Nurs Educ, 45(6), 195-196.

Schwenk, T. L. (1987). Clinical Teaching. Paper presented at the CRLT Occasional Paper No. 1.

Stankovich, D. C. (April 15 2011). Perception and What We “See” Varies from Person-to-Person.

Valizadeh, S., Borimnejad, L., Rahmani, A., Gholizadeh, L., & Shahbazi, S. (2016). Challenges of the preceptors working with new nurses: A phenomenological research study. Nurse Education Today, 44, 92-97. doi:

Walsh, M. (Feb 28, 2011). Commincation tips and skills - How to communicate effectively. Communication Skills Training. (2018). Overview of Learning Styles.   Retrieved from (2018). Our understanding of self.  Retrieved from